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Women at the Intersection of Mathematics and High Energy Physics

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Monday, March 6, 20179:15 AM WelcomeWelcome9:15 AM - 9:30 AMRoom: 02.4309:30 AM Physical predictions through string compactification: challenges and hopes - Anne Taormina (Durham)Physical predictions through string compactification: challenges and hopes
- Anne Taormina (Durham)

9:30 AM - 11:00 AMRoom: 02.430 String theory remains to date our best framework to construct a quantum theory that unifies gravity and the other three fundamental forces of Nature. Although it has emerged as a fantastic arena in which mathematics and physics ideas constantly cross-fertilize, its credibility relies on the power of its testable predictions. In this talk, I will review progress made since the defining work of Candelas, Horowitz, Strominger and Witten in 1985 on Calabi-Yau string compactification, in the quest to predict the mass of quarks and leptons, which mathematically requires the explicit form of the Ricci flat metric on non-trivial Calabi-Yau manifolds.11:00 AM Coffee BreakCoffee Break11:00 AM - 11:30 AMRoom: Lounge11:30 AM Moduli space of heterotic string compactifications - Xenia de la OssaModuli space of heterotic string compactifications- Xenia de la Ossa

11:30 AM - 1:00 PMRoom: 02.430 I review the geometry of heterotic string compactifications leading to supersymmetric gauge theories in 4 and 3 dimensions. The data of these compactifications are specified by a quadruple (Y, V, TY, H) where X is a 6 or 7 dimensional manifold with a G-sturcture (a certain SU(3) structure in 6 dimensions or an integrable G2 structure in 7), V is a vector bundle over X with a Yang Mills connection which satisfies instanton constraints, TY is the tangent bundle over Y with an instanton connection, and H is a three form on Y defined in terms of the B-field and the Chern-Simons forms for the connections on V and TY (the so called anomaly condition). We recast all the constraints on the geometry of these compactifications in terms of an extension bundle Q over Y which admits a differential which squares to zero. We show that the tangent space of the moduli space is then given in terms of the first cohomology group with values in Q. Time permitting, we discuss the fact that all our results can be reproduced from a superpotential. We find a Kahler metric on the moduli space which is a natural inner product on the moduli space, with a Kahler potential taking a remarkably simple form, and as in type II special geometry, it is quasi-topological.1:00 PM Lunch BreakLunch Break1:00 PM - 2:30 PM2:30 PM String compactifications on string-size tori from double field theory - Mariana GranaString compactifications on string-size tori from double field theory- Mariana Grana

2:30 PM - 3:15 PMRoom: 02.430 Compactifications on manifolds whose size is of the order of the string length reveal purely stringy phenomena such as very light modes corresponding to strings winding around the space. As a consequence, the usual low-energy description of string compactifications given by field theory breaks down. In this talk I will review the basic features of compactifications on tori of string size, and we will see how one can get a low-energy effective action from the so-called double field theory.3:15 PM Generalised Geometry in String Theory - Michela PetriniGeneralised Geometry in String Theory- Michela Petrini

3:15 PM - 4:00 PMRoom: 02.4305:30 PM ReceptionReception5:30 PM - 6:00 PMRoom: Lounge -
Tuesday, March 7, 20179:30 AM Calabi-Yaus and supersymmetric gauge theory - Johanna KnappCalabi-Yaus and supersymmetric gauge theory
- Johanna Knapp

9:30 AM - 11:00 AMRoom: 02.430 The mathematics of Calabi-Yau spaces plays a crucial role in the context of string compactifications. In this talk I discuss the gauged linear sigma model (GLSM), which is a supersymmetric gauge theory in two dimensions that encodes information about Calabi-Yaus and their moduli spaces. After a basic introduction to GLSMs, I will discuss new methods for computing quantum corrections in string compactifications using supersymmetric localization. I will focus in particular on the hemisphere partition function, which computes the quantum corrected central charge of D-branes on Calabi-Yaus.11:00 AM Coffee BreakCoffee Break11:00 AM - 11:30 AMRoom: Lounge11:30 AM Singularities in F-theory compactifications, algebraic geometry and topology - Antonella GrassiSingularities in F-theory compactifications, algebraic geometry and topology- Antonella Grassi

11:30 AM - 12:30 PMRoom: 02.430 I will discuss various aspects of the mathematics and the physics, especially of F-theory compactifications, on Calabi-Yau threefolds with singularities.12:30 PM Lunch BreakLunch Break12:30 PM - 2:00 PM2:00 PM Exact results in N=2 Super Yang-Mills Theories - Marialuisa FrauExact results in N=2 Super Yang-Mills Theories- Marialuisa Frau

2:00 PM - 2:45 PMRoom: 02.430 We study the non-perturbative behaviour of superconformal gauge theories with rigid N=2 supersymmetry in four dimensions, in particular N=2* theories, and discuss the relation between their S-duality properties and the possibility of computing exact quantum observables. For these theories in fact, the prepotential function, that encodes the low-energy effective dynamics on the Coulomb branch of moduli space, and the chiral correlators obey a modular anomaly equation whose validity is related to S-duality. This fact allow one to write them in terms of (quasi)-modular forms, thus resumming all instanton contributions. The results can be checked against the microscopic multi-instanton calculus in the case of classical algebras, but are valid also for the exceptional algebras, where direct computations are not available. We also comment on the extension of these techniques to configuration of 4-dimensional N=2 gauge theories in presence of 2-dimensional defects.2:45 PM Moduli of heterotic G2 compactifications - Magdalena LarforsModuli of heterotic G2 compactifications- Magdalena Larfors

2:45 PM - 3:30 PMRoom: 02.430 I will discuss the moduli of heterotic compactifications on seven-dimensional manifolds with G2 structure with instanton bundles. I will also discuss how such compactifications can be used for model building in string theory. -
Wednesday, March 8, 20179:00 AM Hopf algebra gauge theories on embedded graphs - Catherine MeusburgerHopf algebra gauge theories on embedded graphs
- Catherine Meusburger

9:00 AM - 10:30 AMRoom: 02.430 We explain how the concept of a lattice gauge theory with values in a group can be generalised to a gauge theory with values in a Hopf algebra on a graph embedded into a surface. We give an axiomatic description of Hopf algebra gauge theories and show that they include the quantum algebra of observables obtained by the combinatorial quantisation of Chern-Simons theory as an example. We relate Hopf algebra gauge theories to lattice models from condensed matter physics. More specifically, we show that Kitaev's lattice model for a finite-dimensional semisimple Hopf algebra H is equivalent to a Hopf algebra gauge theory for its Drinfeld double D(H).10:30 AM Coffee BreakCoffee Break10:30 AM - 11:00 AMRoom: Lounge11:00 AM Locality of observables in quantum field theory - Daniela CadamuroLocality of observables in quantum field theory- Daniela Cadamuro

11:00 AM - 12:30 PMRoom: 02.430 The aim of quantum field theory (QFT) is to unify quantum theory with the principles of relativity. The problem of a consistent mathematical description, beyond the level of formal perturbation theory, is still open to date, in particular for many physically interesting models describing interaction among relativistic particles. One mathematical framework for the description of QFT on Minkowski space is based on the Wightman axioms, which deal with the notion of quantum fields and with unbounded operators; another framework is the abstract Haag-Kastler setting, where algebras of bounded operators associated with space-time regions are the fundamental objects. This lecture gives an introduction to these two frameworks, and presents an example of such a construction in a class of interacting quantum field theories on 1+1-dimensional Minkowski space, the so called quantum integrable models.12:30 PM Lunch BreakLunch Break12:30 PM - 2:00 PM2:00 PM Quantum Einstein Equations of Loop Quantum Gravity - Kristina GieselQuantum Einstein Equations of Loop Quantum Gravity- Kristina Giesel

2:00 PM - 2:45 PMRoom: 02.430 In this talk we give a brief review on the conceptual and mathematical framework underlying loop quantum gravity with a focus on its dynamics encoded in the so called quantum Einstein equations. We will discuss how the notion of Dirac observables in the context of general relativity can be used to derive a reduced phase space quantization for loop quantum gravity. Furthermore, we explain how the quantum Einstein equations can be formulated in this context and discuss some recent progress and results.2:45 PM Worldsheet string theory in AdS/CFT: perturbation theory and beyond - Valentina ForiniWorldsheet string theory in AdS/CFT: perturbation theory and beyond- Valentina Forini

2:45 PM - 3:30 PMRoom: 02.430 String sigma-models relevant in the AdS/CFT correspondence are highly non-trivial two-dimensional field theories, for which predictions at finite coupling assume integrability and/or the correspondence itself. After having discussed general features of the perturbative approach, I will present progress on how to extract finite coupling information via the use of lattice field theory methods.7:00 PM Wie Gravitationswellen unser Bild vom Universum erweiternWie Gravitationswellen unser Bild vom Universum erweitern7:00 PM - 8:00 PM -
Thursday, March 9, 20179:00 AM Numbers and patterns in Feynman graphs - Karen YeatsNumbers and patterns in Feynman graphs
- Karen Yeats

9:00 AM - 10:30 AMRoom: 02.430 I will set the stage for and explain what periods of Feynman graphs are and why they should be interesting both to mathematicians and physicists. From there I will focus on some graph theoretic tools for understanding the resulting number and their symmetries.10:30 AM Coffee BreakCoffee Break10:30 AM - 11:00 AMRoom: Lounge11:00 AM Scattering amplitudes and their singularities - Ruth BrittoScattering amplitudes and their singularities- Ruth Britto

11:00 AM - 12:30 PMRoom: 02.430 I will discuss the physical context in which amplitude calculations are required and describe some techniques in active development. I focus particularly on singularities and discontinuities as key tools for exploration and computation. I will describe their physical interpretations and ways to embed them in algebraic frameworks which can aid in constructing the full amplitudes.12:30 PM Lunch BreakLunch Break12:30 PM - 2:00 PM2:00 PM From de Jonquières' counts to cohomological field theory - Mara UngureanuFrom de Jonquières' counts to cohomological field theory- Mara Ungureanu

2:00 PM - 2:45 PMRoom: 02.430 Enumerative geometry is an old subject with roots in the 19th century whose aim is to count the number of geometric objects of a certain type that satisfy given conditions. Advances in both mathematics, and unexpectedly, mathematical physics have led to the resolution of many of its conjectures and have highlighted new deep connections between mathematics and string theory. In this talk I will describe a classical enumerative problem, namely de Jonquières' count of certain prescribed hyperplane tangency conditions to a smooth curve embedded in projective space. I will then attempt to explain how this problem relates to certain ergodic dynamical systems and ultimately cohomological field theories.2:45 PM An elliptic generalisation of polylogarithms for the sunrise and the kite integral - Luise AdamsAn elliptic generalisation of polylogarithms for the sunrise and the kite integral- Luise Adams

2:45 PM - 3:30 PMRoom: 02.430 Feynman integrals are one of the most important tools of pertubation theory for high precision calculations in particle physics. Due to the presence of ultraviolet or infrared divergences these integrals may require regularisation where the dimensional regularisation is commonly used (the regularisation parameter ε denotes the deviation from the number of space-time dimensions). The result for a Feynman integral is then presented as a Laurent series in ε. An interesting question to ask is which kind of functions appears in the contributions of different ε-order. In the ε^0-term of one-loop integrals the logarithm and the dilogarithm occur. Many multi-loop integrals can be expressed in terms of generalisations of the logarithm and the dilogarithm, the so-called multiple polylogarithms. But there are some Feynman integrals which cannot be expressed within this class of functions of which the sunrise integral is the simplest one. In this talk, we show how the multiple polylogarithms can be generalised to express ε-terms of the Laurent expansion of the sunrise integral (for arbitrary masses) around two and four space-time dimensions. For the two-dimensional equal mass case we will also explain an algorithm to compute an arbitrary ε-order of the Laurent expansion. Recently, it has been shown that also the equal mass kite integral around four space-time dimensions with two massless and three massive propagators can be expressed in terms of these generalisations. -
Friday, March 10, 201710:15 AM Motives from graphs - Susama AgarwalaMotives from graphs
- Susama Agarwala

10:15 AM - 11:00 AMRoom: 02.430 In this talk, I give a different graphical representatioin (unrelated to Feynman diagrams) for the numbers that arise as amplitude calculations in QFTs, i.e. mixed Tate motives. The graphs in this talk are chosen to better illuminate the symmetries underlying the mixed Tate motives themselves, with the eventual goal of understanding their structure.11:00 AM Coffee BreakCoffee Break11:00 AM - 11:30 AMRoom: Lounge11:30 AM Continuous and Discrete Gauge Symmetries in F-Theory - Mirjam CveticContinuous and Discrete Gauge Symmetries in F-Theory- Mirjam Cvetic

11:30 AM - 12:30 PMRoom: 02.430 We present recent developments in F-theory compactifications and focus on advances in constructions of globally consistent F-theory compactifications with Abelian and discrete gauge symmetries, emphasizing technical advances and insights into higher-rank gauge symmetries. We also present recent studies of the origin of Abelian and discrete symmetries in Heterotic/F-theory duality.